Tactical Hand Signals
Hand and Arm signals are one of the most common forms of communication used by soldiers or groups when silence is in effect or if the soldiers need to remain undetected.
Through the use of these signals military leaders, such as team leaders, squad leaders, platoon leaders, etc…, are able to keep command and control (C2) over their particular element. All new recruits are taught to use the proper hand and arm signals found in a FM aka Field Manual
However, it is not uncommon for units to adopt and/or create their own signals. These signals ultimately become known as SOP or standard operating procedure.
Visual signals are any means of communication that require sight and can be used to transmit prearranged messages rapidly over short distances. This includes the devices and means used for recognition and identification of friendly forces.